Domestic turtles: species of land and sea turtles for the home. Rating of breeds of domestic turtles: features of feeding, maintenance of domestic turtles

In this article we will talk about how not to get confused among the varieties of domestic turtles and choose a pet.

Having decided to have a pet, a fairly large number of people choose turtles. And no wonder: they do not need to walk, sterilize, comb and bring them fleas. They do not spoil the wallpaper and furniture, which delights those who have recently made repairs or live in a rented apartment.

Trachemys: the most popular species

The inhabitants of megacities prefer to open this sea turtle more often. With proper care, she is able to please the owners not less than 30 years!

It is believed that subspecies this breed can be counted about 15. A characteristic feature for all of them is red or yellow spotslocalized in the area of ​​the ears. Paws have stripes of a saturated green shade. The growth of such individuals is within 18-30 cm.

Trachemys stand out for their markings

IMPORTANT: To determine the age, it is recommended to pay attention to the shell. The younger the turtle, the brighter its shell.

These beauties are used to living in marshy ponds and ponds. USA, Mexico, England, Israel, Spain and Australia. Therefore of course water for the pet to recreate. But not in the form of a basin with water and a pebble.

Need aquaterrarium more spacious with lamps, filters, thermometer. Water the pet should be approximately at the level 28 degrees, and air - 32. The ideal solution is to build islet in the middle of the turtle's residence.

Feed pets can be small crustaceans, fish fry, small boneless fish. He also loves the larvae of small frogs and insects. A small number of plants successfully season the dish.

IMPORTANT: It is worthwhile to have several red-eared turtles at once. Their fun games will amuse both children and adults.

It is interesting to keep rubella eared turtles

Central Asian tortoise: the most delicate to handle

Despite the fact that this beauty is present in the Red BookYou can buy it without any problems. Which is what many wildlife lovers use. Oddly enough, despite its delicate status, this turtle is often found in captivity. And in the wild - in Central Asia.

This popular land turtle is scary doesn't like limited spaces. That is why in captivity she is capricious and may even die.

However, if the owner carefully treats the arrangement of the pet's dwelling, the turtle can feel quite comfortable. That is, you need to prepare a roomy house - enclosure with a volume of at least 100 liters. Housing requires not only soil but also sand, pebbles. The Central Asian turtle is keen on digging holes, so it will be delighted with such flooring.

In the diet need to include mainly food plant origin. Meat products are not for these beauties. The only thing, sometimes you can treat them with larvae and insects.

IMPORTANT: But in the smallest quantities!

This one is different extremely slow pet yellow-beige color, allowing for a dark splash. The length of the shell is 20-25 cm.

This is how the Central Asian land turtle looks like

Trionics Chinese: the most unusual tortoise

Another pet you can find in the Red Book. But he is noteworthy not even for this, but for the fact that he truly looks amazing. Trionics refers to the so-called soft-bodied turtles. That is, her shell is completely soft due to the fact that they are covered not with horn plates, but with skin. Amazing is and muzzle on a long neck. Flaunts her face proboscis with large nostrils. The length of the adult is 40 cm

The Trionix Chinese has a muzzle unusual for a turtle

The absence of an armored house for these reptiles is more than offset by the presence of sharp claws and teeth. And also enough fighting character. If Trionix intends to bite, then the bite will turn out quite noticeable. And, moreover, traumatic.

IMPORTANT: Therefore, it is strongly recommended to purchase such a turtle at a young age - it should get used to its owner. Only then will Trionics not be aggressive.

Chinese amphibians they love fresh water and soft soil. The home of such a pet should be roomy and closed. Temperature water preferably adjusted to 25-32 degrees. Of course, it’s important to take care of filtration, aeration, sufficient light and warm.

Trionics loves protein food. He can feed fish, bloodworms, insects, mollusks, meat, worms. However, you should always remember that Trionics are greedy, therefore overfeeding them easily.

Trionix Chinese - an unusual turtle, which you can create an unusual aquarium at home

European Swamp Turtle: Hibernating Pet

The main external distinctive feature of this turtle is completely black with occasionally encountered yellowish blotches. The shell of this individual Smoother and flatter than other turtles. Another distinguishing feature is a long tail. Without exaggeration, it takes ¾ the length of the turtle itself. Moreover, the length itself is within 35 cm

Such an amphibian is not considered exotic in us - it is used to living in Belarus, Russia, Georgia, Armenia. Ponds and lakes are an ideal place for such turtles. Since it is cold in our regions, approximately from October to the end of winter the turtle flows into in hibernation.

As for home maintenance, you need to consider the temperature that will have to be maintained. Indicator water should ideally equal 22-25 degrees, air - 30. Also, pets must have their own personal island, on which they will rest.

Prefer marsh turtles fish, meat, insects and crustaceans. It is also recommended to give mineral top dressing. It is curious that such a turtle can be trained take food with tweezers - since she is a predator, she should not be quick-witted.

IMPORTANT: You need to remember that adults should be fed 2 or 3 times a week, and young ones every day.

It looks like a European marsh turtle

Musk tortoise: miniature tortoise

The length of the shell of this turtle, accustomed to dwell in the southwestern United States is only 13.5-14 cm. However, in addition to compactness, she has something to surprise. This amphibian is amazing unpretentiously. Any room temperatures will be perceived with a bang.

Like any food. Small fish, shrimp, seaweed, insects, cabbage, salad - All this turtle will eat with pleasure. Loves and meat, as in natural conditions used to eat carrion. Therefore, there is a great risk that the pet will slightly contaminate the water. It is recommended in this regard or feed him by strung food on a stickeither clean the aquarium more often.

However, despite the ease of maintenance, the musk turtle may surprise you when you feel imminent danger. And this will be a frequent problem, unless it gets used to its owners from childhood. The glands located under the carapace emit enough repulsive odor.

IMPORTANT: Do not be afraid that the turtles spend most of their time under water. This is completely normal for this species.

The musk turtle loves to move along the bottom most of all

Mediterranean tortoise: thermophilic pet

The second name of this turtle is "greek". AND subspecies she can count about 20. The largest representatives can boast shell length in 35 cm. On the hind legs flaunt spurs and small horny tubercles. The front legs are marked with claws in an amount of 5 pieces each.

In the wild live turtle in the most diverse climatic conditions. Since the range extends throughout the European south. Shrubs in the mountains, woodlands, steppes, semi-deserts - everywhere this beauty will be comfortable. Especially if the sun is often pleasing - in part warmth the Greek tortoise has no equal!

Accordingly, a lot of light and heat are needed in captivity. Lamp preferably pick power not less than 40 W. And best of all - 60. This reptile is smart enough, so it will select the mode it needs on its own - it will either move away from the lamp, or move toward it.

IMPORTANT: But, of course, real heat from the sun will not replace anything. Therefore, in good weather, you definitely need to take the pet out for a walk.

Greek turtles prefer to eat plant foods. Foliage, grass, berries, fruits are the most delicious food for them. However, snails, slugs and insects may also please them.

Mediterranean tortoise - a big lover to soak up the sun

Egyptian tortoise: a mysterious pet

Despite the fact that this species has been known to science for more than a century, its habits are still poorly understood. However, scientists immediately noticed that at the slightest sense of danger the turtles begin to actively dig in the sand. In Egypt, Libya and Israel, where they come from is easy to do.

Of course, such conditions should be recreated at home. Some Egyptian owners prefer to lay a terrarium sand others mix it with ground. But experienced turtle owners strongly recommend adding shell rock - It gives some hardness to the soil, and serves as a source of calcium. It is advisable to create peculiar turtles shelters - so they will feel more comfortable.

The temperature should be around 22-24 degrees. About from October to April it needs several lowersince the turtles hibernate at this time.

Once a week pets can bathe. They like to eat plants of the genus Polynyev, herbs, salads and even hay as a source of coarse fiber. Important and calcium.

IMPORTANT: Egyptian turtles cannot be kept alone. It is preferable to pick up a pair. Better yet, keep a group of pets.

Egyptian turtles love sand

Caspian Turtle: Climbing Pets

Despite its name, the turtle lives in the wild not only in the Caspian Sea. Of the earth from southern Europe to the Middle East they are also familiar.

It is possible to recognize such a turtle on a large scale - up to 30 cm - the shell of a dark green hue. You can also notice yellow stripes, and not only on the shell.

Home comfort content involves installation water temperature within 18-22 degrees, but air - from 30 to 32. Doesn't hurt to create a mound of pebbles, since Caspian turtles are climbers. They love and abundance of vegetation in water, what the owner can use to decorate the terrarium.

Eating at the reptile alternates with sunbathing, minutes of silence in the grass. As soon as it comes night or hibernationshe is in a hurry dig into the mud. By the way, the pet will spend most of his time precisely under water.

IMPORTANT: Therefore, water should be changed at least once a week.

The menu should consist from both animal and plant foods. In the first case, it is fish, meat, worms, bloodworms, insects, tadpoles. In the second - common and sea cabbage, bananas, algae, carrots, leaves from various plants.

It looks like a Caspian tortoise

Indian turtle: the most beautiful turtle

This reptile is also called star-shaped. This name refers to admiring an unusual shell. It is bumpy and has patterns resembling stars. I must say that on a black background, yellow patterns stand out quite effectively. The length of these reptiles is within 25 cm

This beauty prefers to eat plant foods. Ideal carrots, apples, pumpkin, zucchini, salad, alfalfa, dandelions.

It’s worth a look as a home bigger terrarium and you need to equip it warmer. 27 to 32 degrees air - this is the norm. If you place several star turtles in it, they will be extremely coexist peacefully together. Even males will not compete for territory. However, the turtles will make friends with other pets.

The pet will please the owners year-round, as hibernation to him unnecessarily. After all, in his homeland - in Hindustan and Sri Lanka there is no cold.

IMPORTANT: With proper care, an Indian turtle can live 80 years!

Star Turtle - a pet with a truly exotic appearance

Silt turtle: undemanding pet

The second name of the reptile is "big-headed". Her head is really so disproportionately large in relation to the shell that it looks unusual. The paws are also large. In general, this turtle is ideal for those people who intend to have a small pet. The length of such turtles does not exceed 18 cm.

By the way, small sizes suggest undemanding in choosing a home. If for some breeds you need to buy large terrariums, then that reptile will cost a capacity of 60-100 liters. They also do not need to create islands - silt turtles prefer live in water. Only on land, females may wish to crawl out during the laying period.

Eat prefer food animal origin. Fish, shellfish, lean meats are excellent. Worms and tadpoles will also brighten up the diet. As for snails, this is a topic for another discussion, since the big-headed turtle simply adores them!

IMPORTANT: Despite its small parameters, a sludge tortoise can bite quite noticeably. Therefore, handling it requires accuracy.

Silt turtle

The tortoise is considered one of the oldest creatures on Earth. And there are so many types of it to date that one article is not enough to describe - more than 300. Of course, not all of them are suitable for home maintenance. And we hope that this rating will help determine who wants to become owners of the turtle.

Watch the video: 3 Care Tips for Sulcata Tortoises. Pet Reptiles (December 2019).