Instructions for propagating orchids at home in many ways.
Orchid is a rather capricious plant that does not always bloom at home and requires careful care. In this article we will learn how the orchid can be propagated and how to care for young plants.
How to propagate an orchid at home: ways
There are several ways by which you can propagate an orchid:
- Root division
In some countries, for example, in Thailand, you can find flasks with ready-made seedlings that look like decorative ornaments for the home. Similar items can be purchased at the flower shop. In this case, practically nothing needs to be done. It is enough to remove the seedlings from the flask and root them. Which also requires some skill and patience. If you do not have such children, but can boast of a recently acquired plant that blooms, we recommend that you wait a bit.
It is best to start breeding in the spring from a ready-made adult bush. You can get a new plant by dividing the roots or bulbs. You can also use root or stem children, but they appear only in conditions when the room is very hot and high humidity. We do not recommend cutting off the roots of the child, because in this case both plants suffer: young and adult. The best option is to divide the bush, as well as the children that form on the stems.Orchid flowers
Orchid: propagation at home by cuttings
Some species of orchids propagate by cuttings.
- In order to propagate in this way, it is necessary to cut the lateral stem and cut it into pieces 10-15 cm long.
- It is necessary that on one piece there should be at least two sleeping kidneys. Next, you need to take light earth, moisten it, and lay out these pieces of the plant on the soil.
- Cover everything with cling film or a glass jar, constantly spray the pieces.
- After some time, roots and new sprouts will appear from the cuttings, that is, from sleeping buds.
Propagation of orchid flower stalk at home
One of the least traumatic for the plant methods of division is reproduction by peduncles. It is mainly used when plants regularly bloom.
- After the plant has bloomed, the peduncle is cut off at the root itself. Further, this stem is cut into parts, 3-4 cm long.
- The cut point is treated with charcoal. These pieces of the plant are laid out on moist, light soil and close. A mini-greenhouse is being constructed using a plastic bottle or plastic film.
- Rooting and growth of children occurs at a temperature of 25-28 degrees. Therefore, we recommend that you control the temperature and humidity in this mini-greenhouse, constantly spray the plant.
- Do not let the soil dry and also dry the pieces of the stems. After some time, new children and roots will appear.
Orchid: breeding at home by children
Reproduction by children can be carried out in several ways. The fact is that in conditions of high humidity and temperature, strong plants give children on their own. They can be located both on the peduncle and on the lateral stems. In order for the branch to take strong roots, it is necessary to constantly spray it from the sprayer.
As soon as the roots appear, the baby is cut and planted in the prepared soil. If your plant has no children, then you can stimulate their growth. For this, hormonal paste is most often used; it can be purchased at any flower shop.
Instructions for growing children hormonal paste:
- You need to consider the peduncle, as well as the lateral stems for the presence of white films. Now, using a thin blade, carefully remove this film, and use a pair of tweezers to pull it down.
- On the stem or peduncle you will see a green dot. This is the sleeping kidney from which children can grow.
- Next, you need a toothpick to carry out the processing of hormonal paste, just this point. Processing is carried out every 4 days. In total, 4-6 treatments are necessary. After them, a sleeping kidney usually wakes up, a baby grows out of it.
- As soon as you see that a new sprout is hatching from this green dot, you must constantly treat it with a growth stimulator, as well as water from a spray bottle.
- After the baby has 4 leaves, as well as two strong roots, it can be cut and transplanted into a prepared pot.
Propagation of orchids by rooting in water
Many have heard that orchids can be propagated in the classical way, that is, by rooting or propagating in water. To do this, you need to use an already faded sprout, that is, the peduncle itself.
- You will need to cut it directly at the roots and place it in a bottle, the neck of which needs to be cut 5 cm from above.
- Pour water, it should be purified, soft, filtered. It is best thawed, add a tablet of activated carbon. This will help disinfect the sprouts to prevent the spread and propagation of diseases.
- Place the peduncle in the water about 4-5 cm. Now you need to do to wake up the kidney that is sleeping.
- You need to carefully cut the scales that are above the kidney with a razor or blade. Lubricate the kidney itself with a cytokinin mixture, which is sold in any flower shop.
- Now you need to carry out the treatment with this ointment every week for a month. Be sure to change the liquid in the bottle once a week.
- Remember, temperature as well as humidity is very important. You will not receive any children or new shoots if the temperature in the room is below 25 degrees. The optimum temperature is 28-30 degrees. This temperature regime is suitable for the propagation of a flower.
- Ideal for propagation is the period after flowering. It is then that the plant is set up for reproduction and all forces will be directed precisely at raising children.
Orchid propagation by roots
Propagation of orchids by the roots is suitable even for beginners, because the method is quite simple and does not require more time, as well as the expenditure of energy.
- After flowering, you need to extract the plants from the soil and free from the soil. You can rinse under running water so that the roots remain bare.
- Next, you need to sterilize the knife, secateurs, and divide the plant, that is, the roots themselves into three parts.
- Be sure to apply a little charcoal to the place of cut. Now it is necessary to transplant each part into a separate container with new soil.
- Spray the plants in the morning and evening, until you get new leaves and good roots.
Reasons why plants do not breed:
- This is possible if you use an initially unhealthy plant. If the orchid has a strange color of leaves, black roots, and there is also mucus on them, it is useless to use such a plant for reproduction.
- The only way that is suitable for the propagation of diseased plants is germination in water by cutting the peduncle.
- It is necessary to sterilize the places of cuts, for this, wood ash or charcoal is used. Never place plants in direct sunlight. This is dangerous and you will not get new children and good roots from cuttings.
- Be sure to maintain optimum temperature and humidity. The ideal humidity for orchids is 50-80%, and the temperature is 28-30 degrees.
Propagation of orchid seeds
You can propagate the orchid seeds. This is one of the most time-consuming and costly methods, which involve the presence of a large amount of time. Getting seeds is easy. In order to get seeds, you need to pollinate an orchid flower with a toothpick. If you are not ready to do this, you can use the seeds you have already purchased. You need to open the boxes to extract seeds from them, to prepare special pasta in which your seeds will grow.
The recipe for pasta for seed germination:
- You need a bag of agar-agar powder, 12 g of glucose and a few drops of phosphoric acid, calcium carbonate and 210 ml of purified water.
- Pour agar-agar with a little water. Let stand, you need to get something like jelly.
- Boil the remaining water and add the swollen agar-agar. Enter fructose, calcium carbonate, glucose, acid. You must get the substance without crystals.
- It is necessary to sterilize cans with screw caps carefully. After that, wipe them with alcohol and allow to dry well. Remember, everything must be absolutely sterile.
- Now pour 50 ml of the prepared solution into each jar. Screw on the covers, leave for about a week. Watch what happens with the solution.
- If mold has grown on the surface, you need to discard this nutrient. If everything is in order, you followed all the instructions, then it will not show any signs of mold in the solution.
- Now you need to pour 1% bleach solution on the seeds. Leave on for 15 minutes to sanitize the seeds. Remember that the container must be shaken constantly so that the seeds are completely covered with a solution of bleach.
- Take a sterile syringe and remove the needle from it. Use a syringe to suck out approximately 2 ml of the solution with seeds, pour into the prepared solution through the lid, making a small hole.
- Close the container and place the jars in the greenhouse. After about six months, you will receive small sprouts, this is if your seeds germinate.
- Now it is necessary to pour another 50 ml of warm, purified water into this jar and add 3 drops of 1% of indazole. Leave the prepared sprouts in the prepared solution for 20 minutes.
- This will stimulate their root system. Now these sprouts can be transplanted into a container for further germination. You need to prepare a mixture of soil and bark. Lay it out in a pot, now add a few crushed fern roots and some crushed, activated carbon.
- Next, a soft brush is taken, which raises the germinated seeds and with its help everything is transferred to the nutrient soil. Only six months later, you can transplant the sprouts already in a permanent place. Unfortunately, such a plant will bloom no earlier than 5 years after germination and planting in a permanent place.
Propagating orchids at home: tips
- You can propagate an orchid only if it fully blooms for more than 2 years. It is then that the plant is considered healthy, mature and suitable for reproduction. Otherwise, you will not get results, or even worse, you can ruin the main plant.
- There are also defined norms in which stimulation is necessary. The rooting work is best done in February.
- In this case, the flower that has bloomed, you need to plant directly on the western or eastern side, where there is not a lot of light.
- You also need to shade the leaves and not allow the sun to fall on the flowers. During the day, the temperature should be at 28 degrees, it is allowed to lower the temperature at night not lower than 18 degrees.
- At the same time, watering is reduced to a minimum, fertilizing is not applied until you get a kidney. About a month and a half you will have to spend on waking a sleeping kidney.
- As soon as you see that the plant has appeared, you need to transfer the flower to the shade. Because it is impossible for direct sunlight to fall on the baby. Now you can fully water the plant and make bait, which will nourish the plant with useful substances.
- Remember that the process of germination and growing a baby is quite long. You will need about six months to get a full-fledged baby who can be transplanted to a new place. It is in six months that approximately 3 leaves and roots 3 cm long appear.
- Now you just have to carefully separate the plant from the main, that is, the mother, and transplant into a pot.
Despite the apparent difficulties, the cultivation and propagation of orchids is simple, following the instructions and following all the rules and recommendations. Do not forget to regularly water and feed young plants, as well as rooted cuttings.