Ebru is a very interesting painting technique. In our article we will tell you what it is and how to use it correctly.
Ebru is a special drawing technique when water is used instead of plain paper. Of course, the usual one is not suitable for this, water must first be prepared in a special way. As for paints, they are also not quite simple and should have a special natural base. As a result, the drawings are extremely interesting and beautiful, and it is almost impossible to repeat them.
Drawing on the water will be interesting to everyone, regardless of age. This original method allows you to take a little fidget for several hours. In addition, using this technique you can develop imagination and creative skills, and this is very important for every baby. In our article you will learn what kind of technique it is and how to bring it to life with the help of simple actions.
The technique of drawing Ebru on the water - a history ofDrawing ebru
Despite the fact that Ebru was recognized as Turkish technology, it originated in eastern countries. It begins in Japan in the 12th century. At that time, the art of Suminagashi actively developed there, which means “floating ink”. In this way, the monks painted unique patterns on thin rice paper or fabric, which was then used to decorate. It has become very popular especially among emperors and their close circle.
At the moment, there are many versions of where specifically the technique of creating drawings on the water came from. The sources mention different countries and despite the fact that the technology itself began its life in the 7th century, its name began to be used only in the 10th century.
Turkish masters were great masters and created not only abstractions and flowers, but also more complex compositions. The word itself translates as "air clouds." And it's true, if you look at the finished paintings, it immediately becomes clear why such a name was used.
What is Ebru: features of technology, review, characteristicWhat is Ebru?
Drawing Ebru involves the use of fluid instead of the usual paper. This is not simple tap water, and watercolor paints will not work. Hevea extract is added to the liquid. It allows you to thicken it so that the drops do not mix with each other and do not settle at the bottom.
As for paints, they are created on the basis of bovine bile and special minerals. There are no clear boundaries for drawing, patterns are arbitrary and they do not need a drawn border.
Liquid paint is perfectly distributed on the surface, and special tools allow you to set beautiful patterns. After drawing is completed, the image can be printed on paper. Professionals for this purpose can use surfaces from other materials.
What you need to draw on water Ebru: toolsTools for Ebru
Drawing Ebru, in fact, is not a very difficult technique that every beginner can independently master. This is one of the best activities for the child, as it allows you to develop. The drawing process can captivate an adult. To learn how to create beautiful drawings you will need:
As we have already said, drawing liquid needs to be dense and thick so that the paint does not sink to the bottom and does not dissolve. For this, special thickeners are used. They are powdery or liquid for preparation, or already prepared. On the packaging of each of them is indicated instructions for use, which must be clearly observed.
Sometimes the surface may become covered with air bubbles. They need to be removed and an ordinary newspaper is used for this. Lay it on top for a few minutes and then carefully remove the newspaper over the edge.
Cover the solution this way every time after using the solution. To prevent the thickener from draining, place a leaflet or newspaper sheet on top. This will allow the liquid to not evaporate.
By the way, if you don’t have a goal to always do this kind of drawing, but decided to just try, then you can use starch or flour instead of using a thickener. A specific quantity cannot be called, but the mass should be obtained as a paste.
PaintsPaints for Ebru
The paint for this technique contains natural pigment, water and bile. It is quite liquid, we can say that it is colored water, and therefore it spreads very well on the surface. You can buy it in a special store, where both Turkish and Russian brands are represented. Moreover, there are special concentrates for breeding.
Before you start creating a drawing, it is better to pour the paint into different containers or you can use disposable cups for this. Shake the bottle before use to mix the pigment and pour a little into the container. Do not pour paint directly into the solution, because then it will drop into the thickener. Better use an awl or a brush.
It’s just that it’s not necessary to buy paints for experiments, you can make them yourself. This will require a simple oil paint, as well as a solvent. Separate all colors into separate containers so that they do not mix. By the way, you can even use gouache, but then instead of water there should be milk.
For water, you can use any deep dishes. If you purchase a ready-made set, then usually it has a tray in the format of a landscape sheet. It can be bought separately. The larger the capacity, respectively, the larger the picture, the more that liquid will be used as a canvas.
Any brush is not suitable for Ebru. It must be made of horsehair. It can be a simple brush or brush. Each color uses its own brush so that the colors do not mix. According to the technique, you don’t need to touch the surface directly with a brush, otherwise the paint will drown. Paint is sprayed from it and abstractions are created. When the drops touch the water, they spread and create interesting patterns.
Combs are a special tool that is designed to create patterns. Outwardly, these are small rakes or a comb. It looks like a series of needles attached to a flat base. They allow you to set the background and symmetry of the ornament.
An awl can also be used for drawing. It allows you to draw smaller details and with its help you get beautiful drawings, for example, flowers, butterflies or birds. You can replace it with knitting needles. When you draw this or that part, then after that wipe the end of the tool so as not to mix the colors.
PaperDrawings on paper
It is required to fix the picture. You can buy Ebru dirt paper. Although, you can use a simple one. To avoid blurry images, do not use paper that is too thick while you are a beginner.
How to draw on water using the Ebru technique: instruction
Now that you know about all the necessary fixtures, you can start drawing directly. First, prepare the solution according to the instructions, let it brew and pour into the pan. Separate the paints into cups and prepare all the necessary tools.
Stage 1. Create the background
Before you start creating the pattern directly, prepare a background color. She will hold all the paints that will be applied on top. Paint in a brush and spray on top. Do not be afraid that the first drops dissolve. This is a normal reaction. After that, you can not worry that the paint will drown. She will remain at the very top.
You can make the background in one tone or use several colors. The paint does not mix and the patterns are unique. Try using a comb to create complex compositions. By the way, for the background it is better not to take more than 2-3 colors. If there is a lot of paint, the layer will be bold and it will be difficult to transfer the drawing to paper.
Stage 2. Create the main drawing.Drawing ebru
The meaning of drawing Ebru is to create a circle on the water, and then to create patterns from it. At first it is better to draw simple drawings, and only then try complex ones. The more small details in the image, the more skills to create it will be required. Start trying with butterflies or flowers. For example, the scheme for creating a simple flower is as follows:
- We collect a little paint on the awl and lower it into water. You do not need to touch the surface with an awl
- You will get a small circle. If you want to make it bigger, add more paint in the same way.
- After that, we make another circle from the center, but of a different color
- Place the tip of the awl near the edge of the circle inside and start to draw the petals out of it
- Remember that the paint from the awl must be washed every time, otherwise the paint is shifted
- To get a clear picture, do it every time.
Using different tools, you can create a variety of drawings, it all depends on your imagination.
Stage 3. Transferring the pattern to paper
When the image is ready, you can print it on paper. To do this, carefully lay the sheet on the surface and leave for 10-15 seconds. To print well, draw gently over the paper.
After that, you can carefully remove the sheet through the side of the container so that excess water remains in it. Wait for the image to dry and frame it.