How to distinguish nouns proper and common nouns in Russian: rule, examples

Nouns proper and common nouns: rules and detailed analysis with examples.

In this article, we will consider the question of how simple and easy it is to distinguish between proper and common nouns, as well as give clear and simple examples. Note that this is a primary school curriculum, but as practice shows, adults often confuse these two concepts.

Nouns proper and common nouns: definition

If we turn to the textbooks of the Russian language, we can find out that nouns - This is an independent part of Russian speech related to classes of names and full-valued lexemes. But nouns can be either proper or common nouns. So how to learn to accurately distinguish between proper and common nouns? To do this, you need to know the definition of terms.

  • Proper nouns refer to parts of speech that are referred to as single animate or inanimate objects.. For example, Mark Zuckerberg. This is the personal name of a person that we associate with a particular person and belongs to this category. We can also cite the Galaxy table as an example, where the Galaxy will belong to a certain model and, therefore, will be assigned to this category of parts of speech.
  • Common nouns refer to parts of speech that are called groups of homogeneous animate or inanimate objects. For example, programmers. This is a huge group of people involved in programming, while this group includes many proper nouns, such as Mark Zuckerberg.
Nouns: proper and common nouns: a simple table

But here lies the biggest catch of these nouns. They can move from one to another, depending on the supply in the proposal. We all know that milady are respected English married women, and they belong to the category of common nouns. But in her novel, Dumas writes Milady with a capital letter and this refers not to a group of women, but to a certain lady. And this is already a proper noun. At the same time, Dumas did not turn to other ladies with the definition of milady, so as not to confuse the reader.

How to distinguish nouns proper and common nouns?

In the question of how to distinguish nouns, proper and common nouns, not only children are confused, but also many adults. We will explain how it is easiest to separate these two concepts.

The first thing we pay attention to is that nouns are confused with other parts of the Russian language and because of this they try to understand common and proper forms even when it is not a noun at all. It is important to remember that only nouns can be household or personal, and they answer the questions “Who?” And “What?”.

Now, having determined for sure that this is a noun, let's answer the question, can this word mean a group? For example, a parrot. We can say that parrots are a type of bird that form a group according to certain characteristics. So, this is a common noun.

But if the proposal is formulated in such a way that the "parrot" refers to a particular parrot, for example, Keshe. But Kesha’s name was not used in the sentence, and this person is marked as a parrot, it will be a proper noun.

Nouns proper and common nouns

We give another example. Everyone knows faith, hope, love. In this context, it is obvious that they constitute groups of feelings and emotions that relate to the common noun. But if one of the words is capitalized and indicated as a name, for example, Faith, then this same set of letters becomes a proper noun.

We hope this small and simple article has helped you understand this seemingly confusing issue. And in conclusion, we suggest watching a video lesson about common nouns and proper nouns.

Watch the video: Capitalizing Proper Nouns (December 2019).